Ürün AçıklamasıAn innovative reinterpretation of the middle yers of the Ottoman Empire, from the conquest of Byzantium in 1453 to the establishment of the Tanzimat in 1839. This period saw the evolution of the Empire from the height of its powers to – as the traditional view has it – an empire in decline, unable to modernize in the face of globalization and European ascendancy. The contributors challenge this view, demonstrating how the Ottomans came to be modern on their own terms. They explore the Ottomans as politicians and diplomats, military reformers, artists and historians. They also map out and redefine the metarial worlds which they inhabited – the courthouse, the cemetery, the Turkish garden. This book, which represents a turning – point in the intellectual history of the Ottoman Empire, promises to become a key text for students, scholars, and anyone in the Ottoman world.